437th TROOP CARRIER GROUP
Squadrons of the 437th TCG
83rd Troop Carrier Squadron.
74th Troop Carrier Squadron.
85th Troop Carrier Squadron.
86th Troop Carrier Squadron.
Assigned 9th AAF:
Baer Field, Ind, I May 1943
Sedalia AAFld, Mo, 8 Jun 1943
Pope Field, NC, 10 Oct 1943
Baer Field, Ind, 29 Dec I943-Jan 1944
Balderton, England, Jan 1944
Ramsbury, England, 5 Feb 1944
Coulommiers/Voisins, France, 25 Feb-Jul 1945
Baer Field, Ind, 15 Aug 1945
Marfa AAFld, Tex, 14 Sep-15 Nov 1945.
Col Cedric E Hudgens, 1 May 1943
Col Donald J French, 12 Jun 1944-1945
Constituted as 437th Troop Carrier Group on 15 Apr 1943. Activated
on 1 May 1943. Trained with C-46 and C-47 aircraft for duty overseas with Ninth
AF. Moved to England, Jan-Feb 1944, and began preparing for the Normandy invasion.
Released gliders near Cherbourg early on 6 Jun 1944; flew follow-up missions
on 6 and 7 Jun, carrying reinforcements of troops, antiaircraft pieces, ammunition,
rations, and other supplies for 82d Airborne Division; received a DUC for these
actions in France. A detachment was sent to Italy in July 1944 for the invasion
of Southern France in Aug; it dropped paratroops over the assault area on 15
Aug, flew a resupply mission on the following day, and then hauled freight to
bases in Italy until it returned to England on 24 Aug. During the airborne attack
on Holland, 17-25 Sep 1944, the group re- leased gliders carrying troops and
equipment, and flew several resupply missions to provide reinforcements. Moved
to France in Feb 1945 for action during the air assault across the Rhine; each
aircraft towed two gliders over the east bank and released them near Wesel on
24 Mar 1945. Flew numerous missions in Mar and Apr to carry gasoline, food,
medicine, and other supplies to ground forces pushing across Germany. When not
participating in one of the major airborne operations, the organization continually
transported ammunition, rations, clothing, and other supplies, and evacuated
wounded personnel to rear-zone hospitals. Evacuated prisoners of war and displaced
persons to relocation centers after V-E Day. Returned to the US in Aug 1945.
Inactivated on 15 Nov I945.
Redesignated 437th Troop Carrier Group (Medium). Allotted
to the reserve. Activated on 27 Jun 1949. Ordered to active duty on 10 Aug 1950.
Moved to Japan in Nov 1950 and assigned to Far East Air Forces for duty in the
Korean War. Used C-119's and C-46's to participate in the airlift between Japan
and Korea from Dec 1950 to Jun 1952, transporting ammunition, rations, aircraft
parts, gasoline, and other items to Pusan, Taegu, Suwon, Kimpo, Pyongyang, and
other bases in Korea, and evacuating wounded personnel to hospitals in Japan.
Dropped paratroops of 187th Regimental Combat Team at Munsanni in Mar 1951 and
flew resupply and reinforcement missions in Apr and May. Supported the advance
of Eighth Army into North Korea in Jun 1951. From Jan to Jun 1952, engaged chiefly
in evacuating personnel on leave and in transporting replacements to the battle
area. Relieved from active duty and inactivated in Japan, on 10 Jun 1952. Allotted
to the reserve. Activated in the US on 15 Jun 1952.
SQUADRONS. 83d: 1943-1945 1949-1952; 1952-. 84th: 1943-1945
1949-1952;1952-. 85th: 1943-1945 1949-1952 1952- 86th: 1943-1945 ; 1949-1950,
STATIONS. Marfa AAFld, Tex, 14 Sep-15 Nov 1945. Chicago-Orchard
Aprt, Ill, 27 Jun 1949; Shaw AFB, SC, 14 Aug-:16 Oct 1950; Brady AB, Japan,
8 Nov 1950-10 Jun 1952. O'Hare Intl Aprt, Ill,15 Jun 1952-.