437th TROOP CARRIER GROUP


Squadrons of the 437th TCG

83rd Troop Carrier Squadron.
74th Troop Carrier Squadron.
85th Troop Carrier Squadron.
86th Troop Carrier Squadron.


Assigned 9th AAF: Feb 1944.

Combat Aircraft:
C-47

Stations

Baer Field, Ind, I May 1943

Sedalia AAFld, Mo, 8 Jun 1943

Pope Field, NC, 10 Oct 1943

Baer Field, Ind, 29 Dec I943-Jan 1944

Balderton, England, Jan 1944

Ramsbury, England, 5 Feb 1944

Coulommiers/Voisins, France, 25 Feb-Jul 1945

Baer Field, Ind, 15 Aug 1945

Marfa AAFld, Tex, 14 Sep-15 Nov 1945.

Group COs

Col Cedric E Hudgens, 1 May 1943

Col Donald J French, 12 Jun 1944-1945

CAMPAIGNS

American Theater

Rome-Arno

Normandy

Northern France

Southern France

Rhineland

Ardennes-Alsace

Central Europe

Early History:

Constituted as 437th Troop Carrier Group on 15 Apr 1943. Activated on 1 May 1943. Trained with C-46 and C-47 aircraft for duty overseas with Ninth AF. Moved to England, Jan-Feb 1944, and began preparing for the Normandy invasion. Released gliders near Cherbourg early on 6 Jun 1944; flew follow-up missions on 6 and 7 Jun, carrying reinforcements of troops, antiaircraft pieces, ammunition, rations, and other supplies for 82d Airborne Division; received a DUC for these actions in France. A detachment was sent to Italy in July 1944 for the invasion of Southern France in Aug; it dropped paratroops over the assault area on 15 Aug, flew a resupply mission on the following day, and then hauled freight to bases in Italy until it returned to England on 24 Aug. During the airborne attack on Holland, 17-25 Sep 1944, the group re- leased gliders carrying troops and equipment, and flew several resupply missions to provide reinforcements. Moved to France in Feb 1945 for action during the air assault across the Rhine; each aircraft towed two gliders over the east bank and released them near Wesel on 24 Mar 1945. Flew numerous missions in Mar and Apr to carry gasoline, food, medicine, and other supplies to ground forces pushing across Germany. When not participating in one of the major airborne operations, the organization continually transported ammunition, rations, clothing, and other supplies, and evacuated wounded personnel to rear-zone hospitals. Evacuated prisoners of war and displaced persons to relocation centers after V-E Day. Returned to the US in Aug 1945. Inactivated on 15 Nov I945.

Subsequent History:

  Redesignated 437th Troop Carrier Group (Medium). Allotted to the reserve. Activated on 27 Jun 1949. Ordered to active duty on 10 Aug 1950. Moved to Japan in Nov 1950 and assigned to Far East Air Forces for duty in the Korean War. Used C-119's and C-46's to participate in the airlift between Japan and Korea from Dec 1950 to Jun 1952, transporting ammunition, rations, aircraft parts, gasoline, and other items to Pusan, Taegu, Suwon, Kimpo, Pyongyang, and other bases in Korea, and evacuating wounded personnel to hospitals in Japan. Dropped paratroops of 187th Regimental Combat Team at Munsanni in Mar 1951 and flew resupply and reinforcement missions in Apr and May. Supported the advance of Eighth Army into North Korea in Jun 1951. From Jan to Jun 1952, engaged chiefly in evacuating personnel on leave and in transporting replacements to the battle area. Relieved from active duty and inactivated in Japan, on 10 Jun 1952. Allotted to the reserve. Activated in the US on 15 Jun 1952.

SQUADRONS. 83d: 1943-1945 1949-1952; 1952-. 84th: 1943-1945 1949-1952;1952-. 85th: 1943-1945 1949-1952 1952- 86th: 1943-1945 ; 1949-1950, 1951-1952.

STATIONS. Marfa AAFld, Tex, 14 Sep-15 Nov 1945. Chicago-Orchard Aprt, Ill, 27 Jun 1949; Shaw AFB, SC, 14 Aug-:16 Oct 1950; Brady AB, Japan, 8 Nov 1950-10 Jun 1952. O'Hare Intl Aprt, Ill,15 Jun 1952-.